Anyone who wishes to use CBD should first speak to a doctor about whether it is a good idea, and how much to take.
The FDA recently approved a purified form of CBD for some types of epilepsy, with the brand name Epidiolex. If you are using this medication, be sure to follow the doctor's advice about doses.
Possible short-term side effects of using CBD oil include fatigue and changes in appetite.
Most people tolerate CBD oil well, but there are some possible side effects.
According to a review in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, the most common side effects include:
- changes in appetite
- weight gain or weight loss
In addition, using CBD oil with other medications may make those medications more or less effective.
The review also notes that scientists have yet to study some aspects of CBD, such as its long-term effects on hormones. Further long-term studies will be helpful in determining any side effects CBD has on the body over time.
People who are considering using CBD oil should discuss this with their doctors. Doctors will want to monitor the person for any changes and make adjustments accordingly.
The patient information leaflet for Epidiolex cautions that there is a risk of liver damage, lethargy, and possibly depression and thoughts of suicide, but these are true of other treatments for epilepsy, too.
CBD and other cannabinoids may also put the user at risk for lung problems.
One study in Frontiers in Pharmacology, suggested cannabinoids' anti-inflammatory effect may reduce inflammation too much.
A large reduction in inflammation could diminish the lungs' defense system, increasing the risk of infection.
Almost all research on CBD oil and pain comes from adult trials. Experts do not recommend CBD oil for use in children, as there is little research on the effects of CBD oil on a child's developing brain.
People should consult a doctor if they think a child needs to use CBD oil for seizures.
CBD oil is also not recommended during pregnancy or while breast-feeding.
While many studies have suggested CBD oil is helpful for pain, more research is necessary, especially in long-term studies with human subjects.
However, CBD oil does show a lot of potential for pain relief. Anecdotal evidence suggests that it can be used to help manage chronic pain in many cases.
CBD oil is especially promising due to its lack of intoxicating effects and a possible lower potential for side effects than many other pain medications.
People should discuss CBD oil with their doctor if they are considering using it for the first time.
CBD oil is available for purchase online.